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First Nations, Metis, and Inuit in Canada, Open (NAC2O)

Historical Inquiry and Skill Development

Historical Inquiry: use the historical inquiry process and the concepts of historical thinking when investigating aspects of the history of Indigenous peoples within the boundaries of contemporary Canada from precontact to the present day;

Developing Transferable Skills: apply in everyday contexts skills developed through historical investigation, and identify some careers in which these skills might be useful.

Prior to 1500

Social, Economic, and Political Context: analyse some key political alliances as well as key aspects of social and economic life among some First Nations and Inuit societies prior to 1500 in different regions of what would be called North America, with a particular focus on societies in the territories that would become Canada

Communities, Conflict, and Cooperation: demonstrate an understanding of some key interactions and settlement patterns of major First Nations and Inuit societies prior to 1500 in different regions of what would be called North America, with a particular focus on societies in the territories that would become Canada

Identities, Cultures, and Self-Determination: analyse how various factors contributed to the identities, well-being, and heritage of some First Nations and Inuit societies prior to 1500 in different regions of what would be called North America, with a particular focus on societies in the territories that would become Canada

1500–1763: The Imposition of Colonialism – Contact, Conflict, and Treaties

Social, Economic, and Political Context: analyse some key social, economic, and political developments that affected Indigenous peoples in different regions of Canada between 1500 and 1763, and some changes that resulted from these developments

Communities, Conflict, and Cooperation: analyse interactions among Indigenous peoples and between Indigenous peoples and European colonists and governments in different regions of Canada between 1500 and 1763, as well as some factors that affected these interactions

Identities, Cultures, and Self-Determination: analyse how attitudes, beliefs, and values of Indigenous and European peoples affected First Nations and Métis individuals and communities in different regions of Canada between 1500 and 1763

1763–1876: Settler and State Expansion and Indigenous Resistance

Social, Economic, and Political Context: describe some key social, economic, and political issues, trends, and developments that affected Indigenous peoples in different regions of Canada between 1763 and 1876, and analyse their impact

Communities, Conflict, and Cooperation: describe some key developments in relations between Indigenous peoples, settlers, and colonial/dominion governments in different regions of Canada between 1763 and 1876, and explain their significance

Identities, Cultures, and Self-Determination: analyse how beliefs, values, and the contributions of various individuals and groups helped shape the development of Indigenous rights, identities, and heritage in different regions of Canada between 1763 and 1876

1876–1969: Assimilation, Encroachment, and Life  in the Industrial Age

Social, Economic, and Political Context: describe some key social, economic, and political issues, trends, and developments, including the Indian Act, that affected Indigenous peoples in Canada between 1876 and 1969, and analyse their impact

Communities, Conflict, and Cooperation: analyse various factors that affected interactions between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in Canada between 1876 and 1969

Identities, Cultures, and Self-Determination: analyse how various individuals, groups, and issues contributed to the development of Indigenous identities, cultures, and rights in Canada between 1876 and 1969

1969 To the Present: Resilience, Determination, and Reconciliation

Social, Economic, and Political Context: describe some key social, economic, and political
issues, trends, and developments that have affected Indigenous peoples in Canada from 1969 to the present, and analyse their impact

Communities, Conflict and Cooperation: analyse various legal and demographic developments involving Indigenous peoples in Canada, as well as responses to them, from 1969 to the present.

Identities, Cultures, and Self-Determination:analyse how various individuals, groups, and issues have contributed to the development of Indigenous identities, cultures, and rights in Canada since 1969